Students who first attend school have a fairly good amount of words that are familiar because they learn from their family, but they must expand their knowledge as they progress in school. Those who excel at their lessons will learn to read simple words, and they can often sound out the more complex words. Once they have figured out how a word sounds, they are often able to understand the sentence they are reading, but building a larger vocabulary will help them progress with their language and reading skills.
Many educators give students a list of words to memorize within a week, and they are expected to practice them until they are tested just before the weekend. Sight reading words in a group is one way to help children expand their vocabulary, and it has proven to be an effective method. The collection of words children are given will generally be put together from a list of words that have the same endings, and they are familiar in everyday life. Words such as pill, fill and still are all familiar words, and children who master them when written will begin to understand the base of their language. As they progress with sight reading, they will recognize whole words rather than using letters only.
Learning the Rules
There are many words that students in English KS2 might not be able to sound out effectively or read as sight words because the rules of English grammar and spelling are often difficult to navigate. Students must learn these rules, and Primary Works has packages to assist teachers with explaining the rules as well as the exceptions to them. It will take many years before they are able to read almost any word they see, but learning the rules will help them expand their vocabulary faster.
Spelling It Out
Speaking a language is generally easier than writing it, but spelling out difficult words is part of the expansion students will experience as they progress. For those who find it extremely difficult, the rules of grammar and spelling can help them learn the basics. Some words must simply be remembered by younger students, and their memorization exercises will let them progress until they can understand the concepts behind the words they are learning to spell. Understanding a difficult spelling concept is not always necessary when it comes to learning any particular word, but students who master them early will find it easier to spell complex words as they build their vocabulary.
Teaching the written form of a language to students is always a challenge, and students find it can be restrictive as they begin the first steps to literacy. Mastering spelling, pronunciation and learning new words on a regular basis can help them stretch their mind, but it can also be a process that leaves them feeling drained. Educators have found that combining many different types of learning styles can help students expand their knowledge while learning the fundamentals that will help them continue a lifetime of vocabulary building without falling over the stumbling blocks that often come with any written or spoken language.